A bit of history about Gnome
Although likely was not the first solution in terms of environments “friendly” to the user, the spread in mid-1995 of Windows95 ™ operating system was a radical change in the interaction of users walk with computers desktops. Dimensional systems of command line (Terminal), passed to the metaphor of the two-dimensional desktop environment, which gained ground mouse to the keyboard. Windows95 ™, more than technological innovation, should be credited as the system managed to enter all personal and office environments, setting the standard to follow (rules at the beginning of the century, we are still suffering).
Supporters of free software, quickly echoed this remarkable success were made and, in view of the UNIX environments lacked so intuitive systems while free, decided to get down to work. The result of this concern was born in 1996, the KDE project from the hands of Matthias Ettrich (creator of LyX) and other hackers. The big problem was that the boys decided to use KDE library Qt name, owned by the Norwegian company Trolltech ™, which was not covered under a free software license. It was, therefore, the fact that, although KDE applications were licensed under the GPL or other free licenses, laced with this library so that it was impossible redistribution. Consequently, it was violating one of the four freedoms of free software enunciated by Richard Stallman in his Manifesto of Free Software.
While still arguing about freedom of KDE, history would have it in the summer of 1997, Miguel de Icaza and Nat Friedman coincide in Redmond in a conference organized by Microsoft ™. It is likely that this meeting will lead to both a radical change which marked both the creation of GNOME by Miguel de Icaza on his return to Mexico (with Federico Mena Quintero) and his admiration for distributed object technologies. De Icaza and Mena decided to create an alternative environment to KDE, as they considered that a reimplementation of a proprietary library would have been a task doomed to failure. GNOME was born.
Since those early days in 1997 until today, GNOME has grown steadily with its repeated publications. In November 1998 and the 0.99 version was launched, but the really popular first distributed virtually any GNU / Linux would be GNOME 1.0, in March 1999. It should be noted that the experience of this first stable version of GNOME was not very satisfactory , as many saw it as full of errors criticism. Therefore, GNOME October (GNOME 1.0.55) is treated as the first version of the GNOME desktop environment really stable. As you can see, with GNOME October he tried to prevent publication versions numbered to not get into a “race” version with KDE.
The completion of the first GUADEC, the conference of developers and users in Europe held in Paris in 2000, not coincided almost with the publication of a new publication of GNOME, called GNOME April. It was the last that took one month publication name because it was shown that this system caused more confusion than anything else (for example, GNOME
GNOME April is after October, although common sense would make us seem otherwise). In October of that year, after being debated for months in different mailing lists, the GNOME Foundation was founded.